A 2,000 pound satellite ran out fuel and fell to Earth

MARIANA ALVAREZ

Staff Writer

In late October a European satellite known as GOCE ran out of fuel and the fragments of the 2,000 pound satellite were expected to fall to Earth in only a few days. The European space agency aren’t sure where it will land but they think it is very likely that the pieces will land in the ocean or in an unpopulated area. The ESA stated that they would be able to pinpoint potential areas of landing once it enters the atmosphere. This particular satellite was expected to run out of fuel much earlier but the fuel lasted longer than expected. As the European satellite reentered the atmosphere, it burned up as expected.

According to the ESA no property damage has been detected. As it entered the Earth’s atmosphere it was said to have crossed over Siberia, the western Pacific Ocean, the eastern Indian Ocean, and Antarctica. The satellite was launched into space in 2009 in order to map the variations in Earth’s gravity and to provide ocean circulation patterns. The satellite had been powered by solar panels and not by the usual lithium-ion battery which caused it to last three times longer than its expected lifespan. It was also known as the first seismometer in orbit because GOCE had detected sound waves from the massive earthquake that had struck Japan.

This wasn’t the first incident and it definitely won’t be the last. Over the years many satellites have run out of fuel and crash landed onto Earth’s surface. Fortunately no one has ever been injured. According to the ESA satellites fall to Earth at least once every week and often vary in size.  We don’t usually hear about the small ones that pose no threat to us. The ESA always makes sure to let the public know when a large satellite starts to fall because of the injuries it can bring to people.

http://www.cnn.com/2013/11/07/world/satellite-falling/

Super storm Haiyan

by JARRED ECLEVIA

Staff Writer

Super storm in the phillipines-JarredOn Saturday, November 2, a superstorm called Haiyan struck the Philippines with wind speeds up to 200 miles per hour. The storm has taken more than twelve hundred lives and counting.

The storm itself killed more than a thousand people, but Haiyan’s aftermath is what is killing more and more people. There are medicine shortages, food shortages, and no shelter available for those affected by the storm.

The United States has donated $20 million dollars to help aid the Philippines and is having naval ships report to Cebu, a city in the Philippines on Wednesday the sixth, to help send medicine, food and doctors to aid the sick. As the NAVY and a few marines aided in Cebu, a few riots have broken out because people are desperate for food and medicine.

The Royal Australian Air Force also landed at Cebu to transport a mobile medical center to Tacloban, the place most affected by the storm. Taiwanese troops also helped to provide medical aid.The nights happen to be the worst time for the people of the Philippines, there are dead bodies, animals, as well as no shelter or food.The physical toll on these people is devastating. whole neighborhoods have been washed away, and the mental toll is just as bad.

All of this tragedy has been a terrible thing to witness but amongst the disaster a baby was born on Wednesday in Tacloban, despite all the destruction, providing some hope that the Philippines can pull through this disaster.

Yosemite restoring Mariposa park

by KYLE GIBSON

Staff Writer

Yosemite staff have developed a plan to restore Mariposa Grove and other areas around Mariposa Grove. Park officials have released the plans for the restoration. The Yosemite Conservancy is going to be funding $20 million to the project. The Yosemite Conservancy is a program set up to allow people to send in money, which is then used to help resolve issues at Yosemite park.

Park ranger Scott Gediman said, “We have 30 days to wait and then we sign the record of decision. We’re looking at a ground breaking on June 30th of next year. The project will go in phases. We’ll be constructing new trails. We’ll be putting in the boardwalks for the wetlands and we’ll be doing a lot of work over the next several years.” The restoration will include the removal of the tram ride, parking lot, and gift shop. The project will also greatly help the restoration of the wetlands.

The planned tasks for restoration include: restoring giant sequoia and associated wetland habitat, construction of a transit hub at the South Entrance which allows relocation of the current parking spot from the grove, adding shuttle service between the South Entrance and the Lower Grove area during times of constant use, building accessible trails through the grove to allow for better access without effecting the sequoia trees and other areas, restoring natural hydrology and reducing noise by removing the commercial tram service through the grove, and establishing a new pedestrian trail between South Entrance and the lower grove area and multiple new accessible trails within the grove.

The goal of the project will ultimately be to help these historic and aged trees to survive and let future generations be able to experience the park and it’s natural beauty.

Japan’s nuclear reactor leaking into the ocean

by KIEVIT LOPEZ

Opinion Editor

 

In March, 2011, an earthquake and a 46 ft tall tsunami caused major problems with Japan’s Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant. The reactors have been stabilized, but recently several leaks were discovered in pipes used to cool the reactor. These leaks may pose serious problems for the citizens of not only Japan, but those on America’s Northwest coasts as well.

The melted fuel cores are cooled by massive injections of water, but since the containment vessels have leaks, the coolant water that is being used to cool the cores is leaking into the contaminated water’s containment room, and into the Pacific Ocean. The site now stores 90 million gallons of radioactive water. An additional 400 tons of toxic water is flowing daily into the Pacific Ocean.

 

One of the larger leaks, discovered by a remote control underwater camera, came from a rupture in a drain pipe installed at the bottom of a containment vessel. The pipe is not directly connected to the containment vessel and is used to get rid of condensation that forms on the vessel’s surface. Akira Ono, chief of the Fukushima No. 1 plant, said that there is another pipe above the a chamber in the cooling room and water appears to be leaking from that vent pipe as well. It is still unknown where exactly the leak is at.

 

Many of the plans that the plant operators have come up with are very risky, expensive, and probably won’t work. The latest plan is to make an ice wall, a new groundwater pumping system, and another system to filter out the radiation. But the ice-wall technology is risky, and has never actually been shown to work. It would also cost a lot of money for taxpayers because the plant is essentially bankrupt. Because of this, activists say the owners should be allowed to go bankrupt; letting the government take full control of the Fukushima Daiichi decommissioning. Bankruptcy, however, would cause an economic disaster.

If this situation continues as thus far it has, the flow of contaminated water will continue, and the radiation will amount to an environmental disaster with risks for Japan’s wildlife and its food chain, as well as its citizens. Finding and plugging the leaks are crucial to solving the potentially tragic radiation issues.

Cyberbullying in Florida

by Gulnar Resulkulyyeva

Staff Writer

Other girl Gulnar ResulkulyyevaToday almost every aspect of our lives has “gone digital”, making face-to-face communication the exception rather than the norm. This is even more of a reality in the lives of children and teenagers whose homework assignments, report cards, and social interactions all increasingly have a digital component.

 

Police in St.Petersburg, Florida, have arrested a 15 year old girl who they say sent several hundred threatening texts to three other 15 year old girls. Many of the texts were allegedly death threats. According to police, the suspect admitted she sent some of the texts but not all of them. CNN reported that they said she admitted to sending the following text: “If this isn’t bullying then I don’t know what is.”

The suspect had been friends with the victims, but they had a falling out. Police detectives interviewed her Monday and told her to steer clear of the victims. According to CNN news, “She continued to sent threatening texts, prompting a ‘tampering with a witness’ charge,” said police working on the case.  In a somewhat similar case, police in Florida last month arrested two girls, 14 and 12, in connection with the death of Rebecca Sedwick, who jumped from the top of an abandoned concrete plant. They were charged with felony aggravated stalking. Sedwick, 12, of Winter Haven, Florida, jumped to her death on September 9. Every year the number of suicides among teens, due to cyberbullying, continues increasing. Now the United States is the leading country in the list of teens suicide. Change is worth considering.

Walt Disney’s progression over the years

by COURTENEY KAUFFMANN

Staff Writer

 

Progression of Disney- Courteney Kauffmann

This photo was taken by COURTENEY KAUFFMANN.

Since the release of our beloved Disney classics that we have grown to love and cherish, many more have been created and stored into our home collections. Over time, the production of these have always been on the double. From the creation of the originals (Snow White, Bambi, Peter Pan, etc.) to the recents, all are still being enjoyed and contribute to great movie watching experiences, and will probably always have that effect.

An upcoming Disney movie that will be released soon is Frozen, expected in theaters this Thanksgiving. This wonderful tale shows the wintery adventure of a fearless optimist named Anna, (the voice of Kristen Bell) who teams up with a rugged mountain man Kristoff, voice of (Jonathan Groff), and his loyal reindeer Sven in an epic journey. They encounter everest-like conditions, mystical trolls and meet a hilarious snowman named Olaf. They are in a race to find Anna’s sister Elsa (voice of Idina Menzel), whose icy powers have trapped the kingdom of Arendelle in eternal winter. Their goal is to save their kingdom, but they have to battle all of the harsh elements that are thrust upon them before they can succeed. This is just one of the new fun filled Disney adventure movies hitting the big screens. Imagine what else is in store for us! The possibilities are endless.

When talking to a handful of people, everyone’s opinion on their favorite Disney movie seems to be different. Jennifer Singh, a student at El Diamante, points out that her personal favorite is Lady And The Tramp. Rachel Isais-Bravo, who also attends El Diamante, loves The Little Mermaid.  It’s remarkable and magical that most everyone has a different Disney favorite. Disney seems to keep everyone smiling.

 

US Navy Cloaking Device

by MADDY HEESZEL

Staff Writer

 

US Navy Cloaking Device by Maddy Heeszel

This picture was found by MADDY HEESZEL.

Captain James A. Kirk, not to be confused with James T. Kirk from Star Trek, will be the commander of the Navy’s new ship, USS Zumwalt (DDG-1000). This ship is stronger, faster, and better than ever. According to the Navy, it was “designed for littoral operations and land attack.” It contains several advanced weapons, and it has a…cloaking device? Yes, a cloaking device; a cloaking device is something that masks an object to make it invisible. Even though the USS Zumwalt can’t literally turn invisible, this device will allow the ship to be much more difficult to spot on radars. Because of it’s ability to disguise itself, it is known as a stealth ship.

 

How does this cloaking device work?, you may ask. Well, the ship has hidden antennas and an angular frame that help to hide it from being seen with radar equipment. Because it has a different structure than most ships, the waves given off by the ship’s antenna are reflected at an angle, so it is not detected by enemy ships’ radar. Its masking ability will allow the U.S. navy to be more sneaky in their attacks.

 

After four long years of waiting for the USS Zumwalt to be built, it will finally be ready towards the end of 2014 and set sail in 2016 as expected. Once it’s finished, it will be considered the largest stealth ship in the Navy. The Navy is pleased with their new ship, and they know that it will have a great outcome.

What are you really putting on your face?

by JANET BONILLA

Staff Writer

 

Most girls love how they look after putting makeup on. Makeup hides imperfections and can easily make a girl look flawless. Makeup can be used daily or only on special occasions. For many high school girls, makeup is their go-to every morning. It provides girls with a quick fix to any facial problem they might have. Many teenagers buy makeup without knowing much about the company, much less about what the makeup actually contains. The average American woman uses 12 health and beauty products before even leaving the house. (bloomberg.com) But the makeup brands women rely on to look their best may be hiding harsh chemicals that have been linked to cancer, organ failure and birth defects.

 

Certain types of makeup contain harmful levels of Phthalate. Phthalate is also known as DBP and DEHP. Phthalate is banned in most parts in the world; however, in the USA it is not. Phthalate contains endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCS) and carcinogen all linked to cancer, organ failures, and several types of birth defects. Phthalate is used in some makeup products because it makes plastic soft and malleable. It can easily be found in cheap hair-straighteners and sprays, body lotions, makeup, and deodorants. Some brands use Phthalates and others do not.

 

Before investing your money into a company, you want to make sure you can trust them with the merchandise they are selling. It helps to research the company and the ingredients they actively use in their products. A website that can help you with this decisive process is: www.ewg.org/skindeep/. All you have to do is type in the name of the company or the cosmetic and it will instantly tell you if it’s safe to use or not.

 

The companies that are most known to produce toxic makeup are Revlon, Estee Lauder, Johnson and Johnson, Clinique, L’oreal, Maybelline, Covergirl and Avon. There are numerous others.  In today’s world, it is extremely hard to find makeup companies that do not use harmful ingredients. Especially because people are always looking for a bargain or “cheap” makeup. Like the saying goes, “You get what you pay for.” It’s much better to pay a little extra for a company that uses safe ingredients. At least that way you’ll be sure that what you’re putting on your face is 100% safe.

 

List of makeup you should most definitely stay away from:

 

Foundation:

NARS Firming Foundation Liquid

-Oxybenzone can be a double-edged ingredient, protecting against UV rays but also causing irritation or triggering allergic reactions to light in some cases. The chemical can also be absorbed by skin, and 97 percent of Americans have built up some amount in their bodies, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention.

 

Blush:

Revlon ColorStay Cheek Color Mineral Blush

-Used for their powdery finish, rose quartz and silica are considered possible human carcinogens and have proven toxic to immune and respiratory systems over prolonged exposure.

 

Mascara:

Neutrogena Weightless Volume Wax Free Mascara

-Mascara may seem a strange place to find fragrance ingredients, but they’re often used in makeup to cover up harsh chemical odors. Fragrance can set off headaches, wheezing and asthma in a concoction of compounds. Disclosure of ingredients isn’t required. This mascara also includes retinyl palmitate and parabens, which are used as preservatives and can mimic estrogen and interfere with the endocrine system.

 

Eyeliner:

Tropez Smoky Eyes Eye Liner

-Anti-caking agent aluminum starch octenylsuccinate has been approved by the FDA for limited use as a food additive, but it has also been linked to neurotoxicity, and developmental and reproductive harm. It’s also made with retinyl palmitate and parabens.

 

Eyeshadow:

Avon Beyond Color Radiant Lifting Eyeshadow

-In addition to polishing off a look, another triple whammy — retinyl palmitate, parabens and “lake” dyes — in this shadow adds an additional layer of the potentially dangerous ingredients to users’ skins. The eye shadow also contains ingredients that increase absorption into the skin, multiplying the potential health risk.

 

Concealer:

Almay Line Smoothing Concealer for the Face

-Revlon and its Almay brand removed the skin conditioner retinyl palmitate from its formulas in August 2010, responding to concerns it could break down under UV light, producing free radicals that cause gene mutations and damage DNA. Canada restricts the amount that can be used in cosmetics.

 

Compact:

Milani Mosaic Powder

-Women who use this to get rid of shine on top of concealers may be getting a double dose of retinyl palmitate, which has been linked to cancer in lab animals. For coloring, the powder uses “lake” dyes, which contain metals such as aluminum, calcium and barium, known neurotoxins that are allowed by the FDA for cosmetic uses in limited amounts.

 

Lipstick:

Smashbox Lip Treatment SPF 15

-This lip rejuvenator harbors repeat offenders including retinyl palmitate, oxybenzone and undisclosed fragrance chemicals. Smashbox stopped manufacturing the lip treatment in October for unrelated business reasons, spokeswoman Nina Van Arsdale said. It’s still available through retailers, including cosmetics megastore Sephora.

 

Tinted Moisturizer:

Aveeno Active Naturals Positively Radiant Tinted Moisturizer

-The sunscreen ingredient known as octinoxate may help filter UV rays, but it’s also been linked to thyroid and brain signal problems in lab animals.

 

Note: The brands that tested positive for lead levels  included well-respected national brands including L’Oreal, Revlon, Avon, and Cover Girl. And high-end brands like Dior and M.A.C. weren’t exempt either. Five of the ten most contaminated lipsticks were manufactured by L’Oreal USA. Perhaps most disturbing, in some ways, is that even the “natural” brand Burt’s Bees had one lip shimmer that tested in the middle range for lead.

 

These are only some of the makeup you should definitely stay away from. There are countless more. Make sure to research the makeup item you are interested in before purchasing it.

 

How to stay safe

1. Read the label

2. Get rid of old make-up

3. Buy organic and natural products

4. Don’t leave make-up unattended in open air and close all lids

 

Makeup has been around for a long time. And it will be here for many more years to come. Just because there are many companies that create bad makeup, does not mean that makeup is bad altogether. Remember ladies, research before you buy it!

 

Arctic research still shutdown

by KYLE GIBSON

Staff Writer

 

With the Government shutdown ended, the United States Arctic research program is doing all it can to get it’s program back on track. On Oct. 8th, the National Science Foundation ordered that three Arctic bases be shut down and put onto winter caretaker status. This shutdown has affected thousands of scientists and staff traveling to the research bases. Researchers are doing everything that they can to get their research on track. Due to the mess of the situation, it will take several days before anything starts rolling.

“It must be understood that due to seasonally dependent windows and logistic limitations, certain research and operations activities may be deferred,” the U.S. Antarctic Program stated. One experiment, SPIDER, is a high altitude balloon made to search for gravity waves in cosmic microwave background radiation.

William Jones, a cosmologist at Princeton University, told website LiveScience more about the results of the shutdown. “There are three long-duration balloon flights, including our own, that will likely be scrubbed this year as a result of the dysfunction in Congress. We must set up a laboratory and build, integrate and test a spacecraft before the mid-December launch window; the time that has been lost is precious.” Jones also stated that he understands the choices the NSF has made. “I fully appreciate the untenable situation that Congress has presented to the federal agencies, and I in no way find fault with the decisions that NSF has made to date with regard to the Antarctic operations. As far as I can tell, they all are making the best of an impossible situation.”

Sadly, not all research projects will be able to saved from the shutdown. Although no projects are up and running at the moment, scientists have started to figure out what they can do with the allotted time they have left and assess the impact of the shutdown to better the future of their projects in the arctic.

 

Royal Christening

by COURTENEY KAUFFMANN

 

Staff Writer

Prince George, expected to become the future king of England, was dressed up in his christening robe and attended his royal service on the 23rd of October. The ceremony took pRoyal's Christening-Courteney Kauffmannlace at St. James’s Palace which is a location that’s rich with significance to the British Royals. Only a small crowd was invited, which included only close relatives and friends to Prince William and Duchess Kate. The chubby cheeked prince hadn’t made an appearance since he’s been shown off outside of a hospital the day after his birth.The Prince, wore a handmade modern version of the christening gown first made for and worn by Princess Victoria in the year of 1841.Every royal baby had worn this gown since.The dress is made of silk and fine honiton lace and lined with white satin. It was claimed in 2008 to be too fragile for further use, so the queen commissioned a replica from her dressmaker, Angela Kelly. The three month old Prince has already made history. He is the first royal baby to be honored with a christening coin from the Royal Mint. He is sure to make more of history and has already started off his life by affecting those around him in the most remarkable ways. Decided to interview my mother because she has knowledge about the royal family and wanted to know what she thought of the event. When asked what she personally thought or felt about the royals and the christening of baby George, she said she “adored hearing about the new, modern, hip royal family. Baby George, of course, is adorable. I think it’s refreshing to hear about him as well as Kate and William. They are always very elegant and expressive in public.” She was also asked how she heard about the christening, and if she took any interest into it. She said, “Yes, of course. It’s all over media, especially the news such as Today Show, Facebook, MSN, and Google.”  She was also asked how others reacted to this event.  She believed the public feels the same way about seeing and hearing about the royal family, and that everyone has a good message to share.

The royal baby has already impacted those in our society today sending positive messages and outlooks to all.